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Copyright © 1997, Jay Ligda.  All rights reserved.  Published by Humans in the Universe and Jay Ligda.

Instictual, Individual, and Social Paradigms

      Using Capra's definition of the word "paradigm", I'd like to suggest that if an individual is viewed as a society of the microorganisms, cells, and tissues that make up its structure, then the thoughts, perceptions, and values that form the individual's particular vision of reality through which they organize theirself can also be considered a paradigm specific to that individual alone.  If a species as a whole is viewed as a society then the thoughts, perceptions, and values that form the vision of reality specific to that species could be considered a paradigm even if those thoughts, perceptions, and values are instinctively determined.  In summary, we have an instinctual model of reality (paradigm), an individual paradigm, and a social paradigm.  This is similar to Freud's id, ego, and superego.

by Jay Ligda

(This work is a all or part of an original work first published/written for John. F. Kennedy University:  Final Integrative Project., Mar1996.)


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References

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  • Pearson, D. & Shaw, S. (1982).  Life Extension:  A Practical Scientific Approach.  New York, NY:  Warner.

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